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Gabon


Gabon                                   
Gabon (/əˈbɒn/; French pronunciation: [abɔ̃]), officially the Gabonese Republic (French: République Gabonaise), is a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi) and its population is estimated at 1.5 million people. Its capital and largest city is Libreville.

Demographics
Gabon has a population that is estimated at 1,545,255.  Historical and environmental factors caused Gabon's population to decline between 1900 and 1940.  It has one of the lowest population densities of any country in Africa, and the highest Human Development Index in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Economy
Gabon's economy is dominated by oil. Oil revenues comprise roughly 46% of the government's budget, 43% of gross domestic product (GDP), and 81% of exports. Oil production is now declining rapidly from its high point of 370,000 barrels per day in 1997. Some estimates suggest that Gabonese oil will be expended by 2025. In spite of the decreasing oil revenues, planning is only now beginning for an after-oil scenario.
The economy is highly dependent on extraction of abundant primary materials. Prior to the discovery of oil, logging was the pillar of the Gabonese economy. Today, logging and manganese mining are the other major income generators. Recent explorations point to the presence of the world's largest unexploited iron ore deposit. For many living in the countryside without access to employment in extractive industries, remittances from family members in urban areas or subsistence activities provide income.
 


Embassy of Gabon in China
Ambassador: Mr. Jean-Robert GOULONGANA
Address: No. 36, Guang Hua Lu (Guanghua Road), Chaoyang District, Beijing
Postal Code: 100600
Tel: (+86)10 6532 2810, 6532 3580
Fax: (+86)10 6532 2621
Email: afgemb.beijing@gmail.com
 




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